What is your achilles tendon?

Achilles Tendon Surgery Melbourne – Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord located behind the ankle that connects the calf muscles to heel bone. It is used when you walk, run and jump. When the Achilles tendon becomes thin, weak, or if it is not used, it may be susceptible to injury or damage.

Achilles Tendon Rupture

Achilles tendon rupture (when your achilles tendon breaks) occurs most often in middle-aged athletes participating in sports that involve running, pivoting, and jumping. Recreational sports that may cause Achilles rupture include tennis, racquetball, basketball, and badminton.

Achilles tendon damage diagnosis

If your Achilles tendon is ruptured you will experience severe pain in the back of your leg including:

  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Difficulty to stand on tiptoe
  • Difficulty pushing the leg forward when walking
  • A popping or snapping sound is heard when the injury occurs
  • You may also feel a gap or depression in the tendon, just above heel bone.

Diagnosis of achilles tendon break

Your doctor diagnoses the rupture based on symptoms, history of the injury and physical examination. Your doctor will gently squeeze the calf muscles, if the Achilles tendon is intact, there will be flexion movement of the foot, if it is ruptured, there will be no movement observed.

Treatment of achilles tendon rupture

Achilles tendon rupture is treated using non surgical method or surgical method.

Non surgical treatment – Involves wearing a cast or special brace which is changed after some period of time to bring the tendon back to its normal length. Along with cast or brace, physical therapy may be recommended to improve the strength and flexibility of leg muscles and Achilles tendon.

Surgical treatment – Involves opening the skin and suturing the torn tendon together. Surgery helps to decrease the recurrence of the Achilles tendon in comparison to the non-surgical treatment.

To help prevent an Achilles tendon injury – It is a good practice to perform stretching and warm-up exercises before any participating in any activities. Gradually increase the intensity and length of time of activity. Muscle conditioning may help to strengthen the muscles in the body.

Discussing any surgical option can be stressful. So if you have any any questions please do not hesitate to email me.
I will get back to you as soon as possible – Dr. David Love.